How Is Varicose Vein Treated? What Are The Treatment Methods?
Medical or surgical applications can be used in the treatment of varicose veins. Varicose veins treatment is very diverse. Treatment should be analyzed according to the patient's complaints. In the treatment of advanced varicose vein disease, there is a wide range of surgical methods ranging from the traditional methods to laser, radiofrequency and biological bonding methods.
Early diagnosis and treatment of varicose veins allows treatment of valve defects without causing permanent changes in vascular walls. Nowadays, the practical and fast solutions of varicoses are developed according to the advancing technology. The most appropriate solution should be decided together with the physician as a result of the examination of the patient.
At this stage, the patient should be given the best treatment method in the best available conditions in accordance with the patient's preference of anesthesia, the patient’s use of a blood thinning medication, his allergic constitution, exposure to an incision, methods to be used, and the physician's preferences.
Today, it is possible to get treatment without using anesthesia or surgical incision by using biological gluing methods in varicose veins. However, the material and the team's experience will be the most important part of the process.
1. Change your lifestyle
Changes in the lifestyle of people working especially at busy pace and standing can prevent the possibility of varicose veins.
In capillary varices, which is the first stage of varicose veins, and also known as 1st degree varicose veins, changing the way of life may prevent the occurrence of the disease.
• Staying away from long standing
• Making sure to control weight
• Doing exercise to streamline blood circulation
The above substances prevent the occurrence or worsening of varicose disease. Patients with varicose veins should also reduce their symptoms by keeping their legs higher than their normal body position while relaxing or sleeping.
2. Compress treatment
One of the most common answers to the question of how to treat varicose veins is compress therapy. In varicose veins disease, it may be recommended by the doctor to use compress products which are known among the public as varisoce stockings for the treatment of varicose veins.
These stockings provide the pressure needed to the legs, accelerating and facilitating the flow of blood towards the heart. It also prevents swelling in the veins. These stockings that apply different levels of compressions can be found in pharmacies or medical products stores.
If lifestyle changes and compressors do not work, and if varicose veins cause pain or other health problems, surgical intervention may be needed.
Vascular binding or stitching is a surgical intervention that requires anesthesia. During surgery, the surgeon opens the area where the disease occurs and cuts and removes the diseased veins from the body.
4. Other methods
There are also various treatment modalities which the doctors prefer to practice instead of varicose vein surgery, and both more definite results are achieved and the patient is not overwhelmed. These are,
- Sclerotherapy in which expanded veins are closed by injecting a special liquid or foam to the patient,
- Microsclerotherapy where small vascular access is blocked by injecting a chemical liquid into the patient.
- Laser surgery, which is a radiation theraphy and provides a complete closure of the vein,
- Ablation therapy where heat and radiofrequency waves are applied to occlude vein,
- Endoscopic operations based on the insertion of a small camera through the opening micro hole.